It’s the focus of family gatherings and a great way to take the chill off the coldest winter nights. It’s also a danger to your house and family. A wood stove or fireplace that is improperly cared for may start a fire where you don’t want one.
According to the National Fire Protection Association, the second leading cause of house fires is heating equipment, and two out of three heating equipment fires result from space heaters, which includes fireplaces, chimneys and wood stoves. Of fires that start in the chimney or fireplace, most are the result of creosote. Sadly, most are also preventable with regular inspections and maintenance. Prevent your home from joining these statistics by scheduling routine chimney inspections to catch dangerous creosote before it catches you.
Although you remove them often, ashes indicate energy efficiency – showing that the fire completely consumed the fuel source. It’s what doesn’t turn to ash that puts your home at risk. Creosote is nothing more than unburned wood energy that condensates on the inner chimney surface.
Similarly, burning wood emits tiny unburned particles that are carried up your chimney with the smoke. Hitting the cooler surface inside the chimney, the soot and creosote first coats and then solidifies on the surface. Given enough time, the layer grows deep enough to provide a ready fuel source. Rising flames and sparks may ignite the coating, flashing through the chimney and burning your house.
Contrary to popular belief, you can’t avoid creosote by burning only hardwoods like oak, birch or maple. Some believe that tree sap causes creosote when burned and thus avoid pine or other softwoods like fir or cedar. It’s simply not true. All wood creates creosote and hardwoods may cause more than softwoods. It all depends on the wood’s moisture content and your burning practices. In fact, the darker the smoke emerging from the chimney, the more creosote it contains regardless of what tree you are burning. So watch your smoke when you build a fire – it will tell you a lot about the condition of your chimney.
To avoid creosote formation, always dry your wood – regardless of type – to about 20 percent moisture. A good rule of thumb is to age it about a year. In addition, build vigorous fires and use plenty of small logs to encourage rapid, complete burning (instead of small, smoldering fires with large logs). Never burn scrap lumber or trash. Always operate your fireplace or wood stove properly to avoid stifling the fire and creating creosote or other dangerous conditions.
Regular chimney cleaning will remove the inevitable buildup of creosote and soot. Unfortunately, there’s no simple rule of thumb for when to do it. Don’t rely on advice to do it once a year or at some other set time. Clean your chimney when it needs it – when the creosote is thick enough to warrant cleaning. You can’t keep the chimney completely creosote-free, but left to sit, eventually it will harden into a stubborn glaze if it doesn’t burn first.
Obviously, if you notice smoke flooding into your house, soot covering your furniture, even dark smoke constantly flowing from your chimney, you should suspect creosote issues. Creosote may not make itself known so readily, however. Until you know how much creosote your burning habits form, check your chimney regularly to catch the problem before it gets bad enough to become obvious. At least every three to four weeks is likely sufficient. While you’re at it, consider expanding your creosote check into a complete system inspection. Once you get into the habit of checking each part, it will become second nature.
A note on chimney inspection and cleaning services: The average homeowner is completely capable of visually inspecting the chimney flue and even cleaning it (with the exception of chimneys covered in glazed creosote, in which case professional cleaning is necessary). Likely the best course of action is to hire a professional to inspect the chimney at the beginning of the season and clean or repair as required. Subsequent inspections, if not cleanings, you may then perform yourself if you feel capable. If you take plenty of notes and ask a lot of questions during the initial professional servicing, eventually you may become something of an expert yourself.
Inspecting your chimney is critical to ensuring your house doesn’t join the growing list of house fire statistics. The entire process takes less than an hour or two for even the most cautious and painstaking inspection. The payoff is priceless – peace of mind every time you build a fire.
Is there a product you can buy that can be burnt in fireplace to check for possible cracks or leaks in fire place please answer also where to buy
Does burning anti-creosote products prevent dangerous build-up? If the soot on the inside is fragile and crumbles when touched, does it mean that the creosote has been eliminated? Thanks.
An anti-creosote product will help, but don’t substitute for a good cleaning. Good news is the crumbly stuff will come right away.
Hope that helps,
Dos the chimney for a natural gas-fired fireplace need cleaning?
Typically, modern natural gas burning appliances like your fireplace burn clean and do not emit soot. So no, you don’t need to clean it like this article outlines. However, it should be inspected periodically to ensure the flue isn’t blocked and everything looks good. If you have an old, unlined chimney, inspection is even more important. Try doing it once a year — the first time, you might want a professional to do it so you learn from them what’s important with your chimney.
Hope that helps!
Thanks for the article… That was very informative!!